The English name for Ruby is Ruby, which is derived from the Latin Ruber, meaning red. The mineral name of ruby â€‹â€‹is corundum.
The chemical composition of ruby â€‹â€‹is aluminum oxide (Al2O3), which is red to pink due to the trace element chromium (Cr3+).
It is a trigonal system. The crystal form is often in the form of a barrel, a short column, or a plate. The aggregates are mostly granular or dense blocks. Transparent to translucent, glass luster. The refractive index is 1.76-1.77, and the birefringence is 0.008-0.010. The dichroism is obvious and heterogeneous. Sometimes it has a special optical effect - the starlight effect, which reflects the fascinating six-shot starlight under the illumination of light, commonly known as the "six-way line." The hardness is 9, and the density is 3.95-4.10 g/cm 3 . No cleavage, crack development. Ruby emits red and dark red fluorescence under long- and short-wave ultraviolet radiation.
Among the ruby â€‹â€‹reds, the most valuable is the most intense color, known as the "pigeon blood" gem, very expensive. This bright and intense color, which can be called the deep red color, reveals the true face of the ruby. Unfortunately, most rubies are light in color and have a powdery feel, so rubies with pigeon blood tones are more valuable.
In addition, because the ruby â€‹â€‹is filled with strong anger and rich colors, former people think it is the embodiment of a dead bird, and it has an ardent illusion. The origin of natural rubies is sparsely populated, the quality of ruby â€‹â€‹is only produced in Myanmar, and the output is gradually decreasing. Now it can be said that almost the decline is exhausted, and the big stone no longer appears.
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